Peyote has been used by Native Americans since pre-Columbian times and was
regarded as a panacea. It is important in the
Native American Church , which fused
Christian doctrine with peyote-eating tribal ritual. The use of peyote is
said to produce a mental state that allows celebrants to feel closer to
their ancestors and their Creator. In 1970, the state of Texas legalized
peyote for use by Native Americans in religious ceremonies; a federal law
confirming this protection was enacted in 1995. Aside from this use, peyote
is a controlled substance, illegal in all 50 states.
A spineless cactus ingested by indigenous people in Mexico and the United
States to produce visions. The plant is native to the SW United States,
particularly S Texas, and Mexico, where it grows in dry soil. The plant is
light blue-green, bears small pink flowers, and has a carrot-shaped root.
The mushroom like crown, called a peyote, or mescal, button (but unrelated to
the liquor mescal), is cut off, and chewed, brewed into a concoction for
drinking, or rolled into pellets to be swallowed.
The active substance in peyote is mescaline, one of several naturally
hallucinogenic drugs . An alkaloid,
mescaline tastes bitter, causes an initial feeling of nausea, then produces
visions and changes in perception, time sense, and mood. There are no
uncomfortable aftereffects, and the drug is not physiologically
Buttons, cactus, cactus buttons, chief, dry whiskey, green whiskey,
hikuri, mescaline, peyote, peyoti, tipi, and tops.